A learner corpus study of connector usage nida dusturia universität bremen pilot study of the use of connectors by indonesian efl learners in argumentative texts written at different proficiency levels (a20 granger, s & tyson, s (1996) connector usage in the english essay writing of native and non -native efl. Language keywords: discourse connectors (dcs) corpus-based study argumentative compositions 20 english essays retrieved from locness were written by native speakers of the age of 19-23 from the dcs identified in nnsw, the cumulative percentage of the first six most frequently used dcs reaches up to. A comparison of internal cohesion conjunction in the english essay writing of cantonese speakers and native speakers of english relc journal 23 (1) 15- 28 granger, s & tyson, s (1996) connector usage in the english essay writing of native and non-native efl speakers of english world englishes 15 17-27. Full-text (pdf) | in this paper we report on our quantitative analysis of 25 logical connectors in advanced japanese university students' essay writing and compare it with the use in comparable types of native english writing we also present a brief comparison of the japanese learners' usage with. 1996 connector usage in the english essay writing of native and non-native efl speakers of english sylviane granger and stephanie tyson abstract: in this study we focus on cohesion in discourse, and more specifically on connector usage acknowledging the importance of combining a.
The grammatical and lexical patterning of make in native and non-native student writing b altenberg, s granger applied linguistics 22 (2), 173-195, 2001 454, 2001 connector usage in the english essay writing of native and non‐native efl speakers of english s granger, s tyson world englishes 15 (1), 17-27, 1996. Learners were compared with those in native academic essays the non-native learner corpus consists of 151 essays collected over five years by the researcher the native reference corpus is the british academic written english (bawe), consisting of 2,761 essays, which has been developed by the. Corpus of english essays) and a non-native speaker corpus, which is composed of several essays written by hong kong first year university students it aims to find out the differences in the use of connectors altogether twenty-five connectors used in the two corpora have been examined, with the frequency of their usage.
The findings revealed that turkish learners of english showed underuse in the use of the connector 'thus' in their academic learners of english through corpus -based research compared to the academical articles written by english native connector usage in the english essay writing of japanese efl. In a wide collection of examples drawn from a corpus of written essays by 228 spanish learners of english in keywords: efl learners' difficulties in writing, use of english connectors, tasks for remedial work diagnostic des 1 examples were drawn from 2004 collins cobuild english usage for learners harpercollins.
Logical connectors (lcs), words and phrases (eg, moreover, therefore, however , consequently) that link clauses or sentences together to achieve text cohesion, are problematic for efl writers to use appropriately this study investigated the way lcs are used in the academic expository writing of. They are also difficult for second language writers to acquire, with many language learners misusing them semantically and stylistically this study attempts to determine if ddl can assist students with this task it investigates the correct semantic usage and proportion of academic linking adverbials in student writing both. Altenberg, b, tapper, b (1998) the use of adverbial connectors in advanced swedish learners' written english in granger, s (ed) learner english on computer granger, s, tyson, s (1996) connector usage in the english essay writing of native and non-native efl speakers of english world englishes 15(1): 17–27.