Reflection on the problem of evil has given rise to a philosophical argument known as the “argument from evil” the argument comes in two forms: deductive versions aim to prove conclusively, beyond a shadow of any reasonable doubt— that god does not exist inductive versions aim to establish only that it is very unlikely. The logical problem of evil the problem of evil is widely considered to be the most powerful argument against the existence of god the central issue is whether evil, as it occurs in this world, either proves that god, as traditionally conceived, does not exist or at least makes the belief in such a god unreasonable. The logical problem of evil is defined by epicurus “if he is willing and is unable, he is feeble, which is not in accordance with the character of god, if he is able and unwilling, he is envious if he is neither willing nor able, he is both envious and feebleif he is both willing and able from what source then are evils or why. After weeks of exploring the existence of nature of god, today hank explores one of the biggest problems in theism, and possibly the biggest philosophical qu using my logic, i would kill my close freind/family and spare the lives of the many, since it is the logically correct choice now, lets change the. If god is good, then why is there evil the following essay describes the problem of evil in relation to god, examines christian responses to the problem, and concludes the existence of god and the existence of evil are fully compatible body “the problem of evil is often divided between the logical and evidential problems.
The problem of evil • the concept of evil (natural and moral) and the logical and evidential problem of evil • religious responses to the problem of evil credit will be given for relevant knowledge of any theodicy, but candidates are expected to be familiar with the following: – the main themes of theodicies in the augustinian. The purpose of this essay is to probe the most important points of peter van inwagen's 2003 gifford lectures on the evil 1 the logical problem of evil purports to show that the co-existence of god and evil is logically impossible the defender of the evidential argument from evil, on the other hand, grants that it is possible. One of the more striking illustrations of this phenomenon is provided by alvin plantinga's discussions of the problem of evil in god and other minds, in the nature of necessity, and in god, freedom, and evil, for example, plantinga, starting out from an examination of john l mackie's essay “evil and. In his essay “evil and soul-making,” john hick attempts to justify the problem of evil it is a theodicy cased on the free will defense the majority of theodicies that have dominated western christendom are augustinian in nature according to st augustine, god created man without sin and placed him in a paradise free of sin.
Essay on the problem with evil in religion 1259 words | 6 pages two general division in the problem of evil, and initially clear up the confusion of the dichotomy between the probabilistic problem (how plausible is god's existence given evil) and the problem leibniz deals with, the logical problem (pure possibility. But plantinga does not need a successful theodicy to defeat mackie's logical problem of evil he doesn't need to show exactly what god's morally justifying reason for permitting evil really is plantinga only needs to show that (5) is possibly false if it is even possible that god has a morally justifying reason to.
Both of these arguments are understood to be presenting two forms of the logical problem of evil they attempt to show that the assumed propositions lead to a logical contradiction and therefore cannot all be correct most philosophical debate has focused on the propositions stating that god cannot exist with, or would want. We will address both aspects of the problem of evil in this essay it's also helpful to distinguish between two types of the philosophical or apologetic aspect of the problem of evil the first is the logical challenge to belief in god this challenge says it is irrational and hence impossible to believe in the existence of a good and. According to 'incompatibility' or 'logical' versions of the problem of evil, e is logically incompatible with god's existence (mackie 1955) that means that believing in e and believing in god is like believing in a five-sided square most philosophers today reject this argument (rowe 1979: 335) they think that.